Chapter 1 - Introduction 学习笔记
Miss Na Na 发布时间: 2014-02-20 00:32,共有 172 人浏览了这个讨论

手册的第一章节介绍了几个学习理论。

Instructionism (有道词典还查不到相应的中文翻译)相信

Knowledge is a collection of facts about the world and procedures for how to solve the problems.

The goal of schooling is to get these facts and procedures into the student’s head. People are considered to be educated when they possess a large collection of these facts and procedures.

Teachers know these facts and procedure, and their job is to transmit them to students.

Simpler facts and procedures should be learned first, followed by progressively complex facts and procedures. The definition of “simplicity” and “complexity” and the proper sequencing of material were determined either by teachers, by textbook authors, or by asking expert adults like mathematicians, scientists, or historians - not by studying how children actually learn.

The way to determine the success of schooling is to test students to see how many of these facts and procedures they have acquired.

咱们大多数人的教学观都是建立在instructionism的认识基础上的。作者在介绍完instructionism后给了如下一段评价:

Instructionism prepared students for the industrialized economy of the early 20th century... In the knowledge economy, memorization of facts and procedures is not enough for success. Educated graduates need a deep conceptual understanding of complex concepts, and the ability to work with them creatively to generate new ideas, new theories, new products, and new knowledge. They need to be able to critically evaluate what they read, to be able to express themselves clearly both verbally and in writing, and to be able to understand scientific and mathematical thinking. They need to learn integrated and usable knowledge rather than the sets of compartmentalized and decontextualized facts emphasized by instructionism. They need to be able to take responsibility for their own continuing, lifelong learning. These abilities are important to the economy, to the continued success of participatory democracy, and to living a fulfilling, meaningful life. Instructionism is a particularly ill-suited to the education of creative professionals who can develop new knowledge and continually further their own understanding; instructionism is an anachronism(不合潮流的人或物)in the modern innovation economy.

这段使我联想到了饱受诟病的中国的教育体制和好多年前就已被提上日程的教育改革。别光说咱中国,其实美国的教育界也为其教改吵得不可开交。可是,光改革课程和体制就够了吗?如果我们最根本的教育观还是instructionism不变,再怎么改革我认为也不会有多大的效果。我们需要做的是“釜底抽薪”,从教育观开始革命。

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wwq0327

发言时间:2014-03-01 10:57

Na,你好,我将你的发的内容作了一点重新排版的处理,你看下是否合适,对于转述的内容,你可以在内容的前面加上`>`,后面再跟个空格,这个就可以显出来来了。

另外,分段的问题,你可以多敲一个回车,显示出来之后,就能分段了。

祝你使用愉快,如果遇到问题,可以直接发反馈给我:

http://joinwee.com/discuss/111/

Miss Na Na

发言时间:2014-08-20 00:46

谢谢你的帮助和指导!我会慢慢摸索的!


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Miss Na Na创建于2014-02-08